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Tuesday, March 29, 2011

Predefined PL/SQL Exceptions

ExceptionRaised when ...
ACCESS_INTO_NULLA program attempts to assign values to the attributes of an uninitialized object.
CASE_NOT_FOUNDNone of the choices in the WHEN clauses of a CASE statement is selected, and there is no ELSE clause.
COLLECTION_IS_NULLA program attempts to apply collection methods other than EXISTS to an uninitialized nested table or varray, or the program attempts to assign values to the elements of an uninitialized nested table or varray.
CURSOR_ALREADY_OPENA program attempts to open an already open cursor. A cursor must be closed before it can be reopened. A cursor FOR loop automatically opens the cursor to which it refers, so your program cannot open that cursor inside the loop.
DUP_VAL_ON_INDEXA program attempts to store duplicate values in a database column that is constrained by a unique index.
INVALID_CURSORA program attempts a cursor operation that is not allowed, such as closing an unopened cursor.
INVALID_NUMBERIn a SQL statement, the conversion of a character string into a number fails because the string does not represent a valid number. (In procedural statements, VALUE_ERROR is raised.) This exception is also raised when the LIMIT-clause expression in a bulk FETCH statement does not evaluate to a positive number.
LOGIN_DENIEDA program attempts to log on to Oracle with an invalid username or password.
NO_DATA_FOUNDSELECT INTO statement returns no rows, or your program references a deleted element in a nested table or an uninitialized element in an index-by table.Because this exception is used internally by some SQL functions to signal that they are finished, you should not rely on this exception being propagated if you raise it within a function that is called as part of a query.
NOT_LOGGED_ONA program issues a database call without being connected to Oracle.
PROGRAM_ERRORPL/SQL has an internal problem.
ROWTYPE_MISMATCHThe host cursor variable and PL/SQL cursor variable involved in an assignment have incompatible return types. For example, when an open host cursor variable is passed to a stored subprogram, the return types of the actual and formal parameters must be compatible.
SELF_IS_NULLA program attempts to call a MEMBER method, but the instance of the object type has not been initialized. The built-in parameter SELF points to the object, and is always the first parameter passed to a MEMBERmethod.
STORAGE_ERRORPL/SQL runs out of memory or memory has been corrupted.
SUBSCRIPT_BEYOND_COUNTA program references a nested table or varray element using an index number larger than the number of elements in the collection.
SUBSCRIPT_OUTSIDE_LIMITA program references a nested table or varray element using an index number (-1 for example) that is outside the legal range.
SYS_INVALID_ROWIDThe conversion of a character string into a universal rowid fails because the character string does not represent a valid rowid.
TIMEOUT_ON_RESOURCEA time-out occurs while Oracle is waiting for a resource.
TOO_MANY_ROWSSELECT INTO statement returns more than one row.
VALUE_ERRORAn arithmetic, conversion, truncation, or size-constraint error occurs. For example, when your program selects a column value into a character variable, if the value is longer than the declared length of the variable, PL/SQL aborts the assignment and raises VALUE_ERROR. In procedural statements,VALUE_ERROR is raised if the conversion of a character string into a number fails. (In SQL statements,INVALID_NUMBER is raised.)
ZERO_DIVIDEA program attempts to divide a number by zero.